maidenhair fern common name

Common names; Herb: Maidenhair Fern Latin name: Adiantum capillus-veneris Family: Polypodiaceae (Polypody Fern Family) Medicinal use of Maidenhair Fern: The maidenhair fern has a long history of medicinal use and was the main ingredient of a popular cough syrup called "Capillaire", which remained in use until the nineteenth century. Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family Genus: Adiantum L. – maidenhair fern Species: Adiantum pedatum L. – northern maidenhair Plant Hardiness Zones: 3-8. Light: A place with indirect sun is best suited for this fern. One of the most iconic images to the Pacific Northwest is the lush foliage of ferns growing in the shady understory of a verdant forest. Northern maidenhair fern is a deciduous, clump-forming, native fern which typically grows 1' to 2' tall and is most frequently found on rich wooded slopes, ravine bottoms, and damp shady woods. venus hair fern. -- Adiantum Raddianum (botanical/scientific). Family. diseases of the chest. Common Name: Maidenhair Fern, Common maidenhair, Southern Maidenhair Fern, Venus Maidenhair Fern, Venus's Hair Fe: Family: Polypodiaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[200]. They are divided into two or three and have many small wedge-shaped segments, each of which has sori along its margins underneath. Form / Growth: Palmate leaves . L. Adiantum capillus-veneris, the Southern maidenhair fern, black maidenhair fern, maidenhair fern, and venus hair fern, is a species of ferns in the genus Adiantum and the family Pteridaceae with a subcosmopolitan worldwide distribution. Adiantum species grow around the world, from Asia, to the Andes Mountains of South America, to the California coast. Type: Fern Family: Pteridaceae Native Range: North America, Asia ... commonly called northern maidenhair fern, is a deciduous, clump-forming, Missouri native fern which typically grows 1.5 to 2' tall and is most frequently found on rich wooded slopes, ravine bottoms and damp shady woods. In the Cape Peninsula it is uncommon and grows mainly at the highest locally available altitudes, generally about 600–1,085 m (2,000–3,600 ft). slightly astringent and emetic. Description: Finely foliaged, evergreen plants, that can grow to 1 metre in height (about 3′) but are more commonly smaller growing. Phonetic Spelling ae-dee-AN-tum ca-PILL-us VEN-er-iss Description. Scientific names. The scientific name of Maidenhair Fern is the botanical name or formal name. Lifespan: Perennial. Common Maidenhair, Small Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair. Max Growth (approx): Height 1.5ft. Adiantaceae. You can also find it under the name five-fingered fern. For the cipher, see, "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adiantum&oldid=996427356, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 15:18. Common name: common maidenhair. The minimum is 55ºF (13ºC). Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. Common names. Common name: Maidenhair fern. The cosmopolitan A. capillus-veneris (Venus-hair fern) has a native distribution that extends into the eastern continent. The fronds are horizontal and layered, or upright. It grows to a maximum height of 16 inches and features dark brown or black stalks from which dainty feathered leaves grow. Common Name: Northern Maidenhair,American Maidenhair Fern: Family: Polypodiaceae: USDA hardiness : 4-9: Known Hazards: Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[200]. Other common names include serpentine maidenhair and five-fingered fern. Common Name: Northern Maidenhair Fern . The highest species diversity is in the Andes. Its common name comes from its shiny, dark leafstalks that resemble human hair. Common name: Northern maidenhair fern, five-fingered fern. Maidenhair Fern is the common name for this beautiful little fern. A. jordanii (California Maidenhair) is native to the west coast. Binomial Name: Adiantum aleuticum . The rhizomes are wiry and branched. Specific epithet comes from Latin meaning hair (capillus) of Venus (veneris) as reflected by its common name of "Venus maidenhair fern". These spores grow into small heart-shaped plants called gametophytes, that possess both male and female reproductive organs. Alpine water fern (Austroblechnum penna-marina) American royal fern (Osmunda regalis var. Genus. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. This plant also works well as a groundcover or in containers. Description: Rhizome creeping, much branched, covered with papery scales. [5], Adiantum aethiopicum grows in spreading clumps of fronds from 10 to 45 cm (4 to 18 in) in height. Adiantum aethiopicum, also known as the common maidenhair fern, is a small fern of widespread distribution, occurring in Africa, Australia, Norfolk Island and New Zealand. H X 9-12 in. Species native to North America include A. pedatum (five-fingered fern) and the closely related A. aleuticum, which are distinctive in having a bifurcating frond that radiates pinnae on one side only. Plant Hardiness Zone(s): Usual Size: 12-18 in. [6], The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia’ records that "This plant is said to possess medicinal properties, being Adiantum aethiopicum. The compound common names are the subject of a double entry, as far as this is necessary, for example "maidenhair fern" and "fern (maidenhair)." North Carolina. Native to Europe and North America, the maidenhair fern is a type of perennial whose fronds grow to about a foot long. Cundall. They are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often black stipes and rachises, and bright green, often delicately cut leaf tissue. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Subordinate Taxa. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Soil Type: Very moist to wet . Propagation is from plant division or by spores. The genus name comes from Greek, meaning "unwetted", referring to the fronds' ability to shed water without becoming wet. Plus, it’s a source of aromatic oil that’s commonly used as a shampoo and this is where the common name is derived from. Common Name: maidenhair fern . The plant is little used in modern herbalism. However, if Adiantum raddianum, and possibly a few other species, are removed, the remaining plants (genus type: Adiantum capillus-veneris) are then monophyletic. It also produces brown, hairy rhizomes, slender roots, and erect stems that can grow to a height of ten inches. Common Name: Maidenhair fern. Family: Pteridaceae. Temperature: The ideal temperature to provide is between 65-75ºF (18-24ºC) for this plant. [8] In cultivation the Maidenhair fern prefers a well-lit situation inside, but a shady place outdoors without draughts. The leaves are not typically elongated but are rounded, toothed, and fan-shaped and covered with hairs at the base. Fruit: None, reproduces by spores. Royal fern (Osmunda regalis) is one of the types of ferns people use as planting mediums for popular flowers, such as orchids. It is suitable for terrariums and hanging baskets. A deciduous, clumping fern native to temperate and tropical regions worldwide. Sunlight: Full to part shade . Botanical name: Adiantum spp. A. venustum is also cold-hardy to zone 5. There is a rich Adiantum flora in New Zealand with 3 endemic species (A. cunninghamii, A. viridescens and A. fulvum) in a total of 10 recorded species. Rough Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum hispidulum), Adiantum cunninghamii showing characteristic inrolled leaf margin containing sori, Media related to Adiantum at Wikimedia Commons, This article is about the plant. Along with the scientific name of Maidenhair Fern, … Botanical Name: Adiantium capillus-veneris Common Name(s): Black Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Southern Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern Description: 'Maidenhair Fern' actually refers to the genus Adiantum, which has over 250 species. This fern lives near the rivers and bogs with acidic soil, particularly in Asia, Europe, and Africa. Plant it in a shaded corner of your garden where it will thrive in moist conditions. Flowering: No . Dimorphism between sterile and fertile fronds is generally subtle. Threatened. Leaf: Deciduous; black stems; horseshoe-shaped frond with 3-5 finger-like divisions; forms clumps. Adiantum aethiopicum L. APNI*. They generally prefer humus-rich, moist, well-drained sites, ranging from bottomland soils to vertical rock walls. Ferns by Common Name. WATER FERN – Common name for Ceratopteris, a genus of small tropical and subtropical ferns, with inflated fronds, suitable only for expert greenhouse cultivation. Common Name: Evergreen Maidenhair Fern: Family: Polypodiaceae: USDA hardiness: 9-11: Known Hazards: Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[200]. "[7], Adiantum aethiopicum is a popular and well known ornamental plant. [2] The specific epithet aethiopicum in this sense was the Latin term for Africa south of the then known world, that is to say, more or less Africa south of Egypt. Plant Care Adiantum Ferns. Genus Adiantum can be deciduous or evergreen ferns with shiny black stalks bearing simple or more usually pinnately divided fronds, the segments fan-shaped, oblong or rounded, carrying spores under reflexed marginal flaps Bloom Time Notes: None. In South Africa the species occurs widely, though not generally profusely, mainly on moist sandstone cliffs in full shade. Many species are especially known for growing on rock walls around waterfalls and water seepage areas. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. [3], A common plant, often seen growing in moist areas. Distribution and habitat [ edit ] Adiantum aleuticum is native mainly to western North America from the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, south to Chihuahua, and also locally in northeastern North America from Newfoundland south to … Scientific Name Pronounciation: (ad-ee-AN-tum ped-AH-tum) Plant Type: Fern. The common name of “maidenhair” stems from the fact that the fern has the ability to produce a type of oil that can be used in making shampoo. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Other common names Delta maidenhair fern . Moist humid air, warm temperatures and bright, indirect light are requirements for the Adiantum Fern and it is best suited for growing in a terrarium or a naturally humid room. Family. [1], Adiantum aethiopicum was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus, in this case in his Systema naturae in 1759. In Australia it is found near by creeks or in open forest, where it may form a large colony. Royal fern’s sterile fronds grow in flower-like spreads, which can reach 12 to 16 inches (30-40 cm) broad. The sori are borne submarginally, and are covered by reflexed flaps of leaf tissue which resemble indusia. Endangered. Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family. The sori are borne submarginally, and are covered by reflexed flaps of leaf tissue which resemble indusia. American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. Reproduction: Northern Maidenhair Ferns reproduce via spores, rather than seeds, and require water to fertilize themselves. Like many types of ferns, they thrive in areas where constant moistness is present. Kentucky. Common Name(s): Common Maidenhair; Northern Maidenhair; Northern Maidenhair Fern; Previously known as: Adiantum pedatum; Phonetic Spelling ae-dee-AN-tum peh-DAY-tum Description. A. capillus-veneris is hardy to zone 7. This is because of the finger-like fronds that grow on brown to black stems. Plant Type: Perennial shrub . Type: Fern Family: Pteridaceae Native Range: Temperate and tropical regions worldwide ... Adiantum capillus-veneris, commonly called southern maidenhair fern, is a deciduous, clumping fern with a drooping habit that grows to 12-18” tall and slowly spreads by short creeping rhizomes. Adiantum /ˌædiˈæntəm/,[1] the maidenhair fern, is a genus of about 250 species of ferns in the subfamily Vittarioideae of the family Pteridaceae,[2] though some researchers place it in its own family, Adiantaceae. Poisonous for pets: Not known. Top Level Regions; Caribbean: FACW Hawaii : … They are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often black stipes and rachises, and bright green, often delicately cut leaf tissue. The triangular fronds are semi-erect in the beginning then droop gracefully as they age and can be up to 12 inches (30 cm) long by 6 inches (15 cm) wide.. [3][4] P., (2008) Native Plants:The definitive guide to Australian plants, Global Book Publishing Lane Cove, N.S.W, page 278, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adiantum_aethiopicum&oldid=996271187, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 15:23. It is now known that this genus is paraphyletic, and that the vittarioid ferns are derived from this larger paraphyletic genus. It has been used in Europe in making "Sirop de Capt'llaire," a demulcent drink, employed in Typically, it grows in moist, shady sites from the southern US to the Caribbean and tropical areas of Central and South America. Maidenhair Fern Care. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Adiantum . southern maidenhair-fern. Family Pteridaceae . Many of these are common especially in the west and south of the islands. Wetland Status. Many species are grown in the horticultural trade, including all three of the species mentioned[ambiguous], as well as a number of tropical species, including A. raddianum and A. peruvianum. Adiantum L. – maidenhair fern. W. Flower: None. In the past, these stems were used as a dye. Fairly high diversity also occurs in eastern Asia, with nearly 40 species in China. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Hortensia. Common names are from state and federal lists. Foliage: Semi-evergreen . Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. Synonyms Adiantum rubellum Adiantum cuneatum. Names: Delta Maidenhair Nest Fern (common). Adiantum aethiopicum, also known as the common maidenhair fern, is a small fern of widespread distribution, occurring in Africa, Australia, Norfolk Island and New Zealand. Genus name comes from the Greek word adiantos meaning unwetted in reference to the water repellent foliage. [9] It is fairly easy to grow,[10] and will flourish in moist garden soil or potting mix.[11]. It is cultivated as a popular garden fern and houseplant. Les noms communs composés font l'objet, en tant que de besoin, d'une double entrée, par exemple " maidenhair fern" et "fern ( maidenhair )". Adiantum aleuticum. Dimorphism between sterile and fertile fronds is generally subtle. Being beautiful and adaptable, they’re a common choice for an indoor plant. Maidenhair ferns grow from underground rhizomes and have brownish/black leaf stalks from which the fronds unfold to display their apple-green leaflets. Adiantum raddianum, the Delta maidenhair fern, is one of the most popular ferns to grow indoors. VENUS-HAIR FERN – A name for Adiantum capillus-veneris, an attractive fern of mild climates also known as Southern Maidenhair. Common Name: Northern maidenhair fern . Both A. pedatum and A. aleuticum are hardy to zone 3, and are by far the most cold-hardy members of the genus. Interpreting Wetland Status. Are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often delicately cut leaf which! Fronds ' ability to shed water without becoming wet 12-18 in grow in flower-like,... This is because of the chest used in Europe in making `` Sirop de Capt'llaire, '' a drink... An attractive fern of mild climates also known as Southern Maidenhair via spores, rather seeds... 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